Dwight D. Eisenhower was the President of the United States from 1952 to 1961. He had previously gained national respect as a world war hero when he organized and gave instructions for the carrying out the D-Day invasion, as well as maintained the positions of Supreme Commander of troops invading France, President of Columbia University, and Supreme Commander of the new NATO forces that were assembled in 1951. Both of his presidential elections resulted in a sweeping victory, with a popular slogan of “I like Ike”. Eisenhower oversaw the signing of the armistice that called for a truce in the Korean War, as well as began to spread the words of “Peace and Prosperity” for the United States. He stood strongly against racism, standing by the fact that “no citizen should be second class”, as well as disapproved of unnecessarily harsh treatments of communist suspects. In March of 1954, he instructed his Vice President, Richard Nixon, to indirectly attack Eugene Joseph McCarthy in a speech. His main intentions were to give more power to state governments, reduce the “creeping socialism”, and to boost the national economy.