Tuesday, June 2, 2009
Sweatt v. Painter (1950)
In 1950 Supreme Court was held for the injustice toward Herman Marion Sweatt four years previously. On applying to the University of Texas, Sweatt was not even considered to be admitted to the law school because he was African-American. It was decided that the University must create equal educational opportunity for whites and blacks so it attempted to create separate but equal facilities for the students of different races. However, this was the issue in court, because the school was accused of going against the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The court then ruled that the so-called “separate but equal” education at the school was not equal in any aspect; the facilities were deplorable, the teachers inadequate, the prestige lacking, little course variety, and less fair competition opportunity post-school. The school then integrated all the students into one setting, by the court’s unanimous decision. The case was intriguing, however, because of how easily the school had worked its way around the Amendment in the Constitution without anyone speaking up until Sweatt did. He had not been the first to be discriminated against by the school, but he was the first to take initiative against the prejudice, demonstrating how although the country was changing in its laws, attitudes were remaining with the perpetual racial bias.